How to Make Ethiopian honey wine: Authentic Tej Recipe

Get ready to embark on a flavorful journey and immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Ethiopia as we delve into the traditional art of brewing tej. It is a traditional Ethiopian honey wine, similar to mead. It is made from a fermented honey and water mixture, with the addition of a special kind of hops called gesho. Tej is a sweet wine with a unique flavor that is deeply rooted in Ethiopian culture. . 

Key Takeaways

  • Tej is a traditional Ethiopian sweet honey wine.
  • Learn how to brew your own tej wine with this recipe
  • Experience the unique flavors of Ethiopian honey wine
  • Discover the ingredients and steps to prepare your homemade tej
  • Embrace the traditional art of tej brewing
  • Explore the cultural significance of tej in Ethiopian culture

The Ingredients You’ll Need to Make Authentic Tej


An Ethiopian recipe dating back thousands of years for a wine called “tej” uses just three ingredients — water, yeast and honey. One of the few places in the U.S. making tej also operates the only tasting room in the country, and it’s just inside the Beltway in Alexandria, Virginia. Visit or use the link in our bio to learn more. (🎥: WTOP/John Domen)

♬ Aesthetic – Tollan Kim

Welcome to the exciting step of gathering the ingredients for your homemade tej recipe. To brew your own batch of this delightful Ethiopian honey wine, you’ll need a few key components that will infuse your tej with authentic flavors and aromas. To make authentic tej, you will need a few key ingredients: honey, water, yeast and gesho . 


The primary ingredient and source of both the sweetness and fermentable sugars necessary to produce alcohol. The flavor and color of the honey can vary widely, affects the taste and appearance of the Tej. This golden elixir provides the fermentable sugars necessary for alcohol production and imparts a natural sweetness that defines Tej’s character.


In the process of making Tej, serves as the canvas upon which the art of fermentation is painted. It dilutes the honey to the perfect balance, ensuring yeast can thrive to ferment the sugars into alcohol, without overwhelming sweetness or inhibiting yeast activity. Its role is fundamental, influencing the final strength, flavor, and character of the Tej, mirroring the purity and essence of Ethiopian natural springs.


Select a suitable yeast strain that will interact harmoniously with the honey, converting its sugars into alcohol during the fermentation process. This crucial ingredient guarantees that your tej develops its characteristic effervescence and alcoholic content.Converts the sugars in honey into alcohol during fermentation


A defining element of traditional Ethiopian honey winegesho is a plant native to Ethiopia. It acts as a natural preservative and imparts a unique and slightly bitter taste profile to the tej. Gesho available in two forms – gesho kitel and gesho entchet – each offering distinct flavors and fermentation qualities.Serves as a natural preservative and imparts a distinct flavor to the tej

Step-by-Step Instructions for Brewing Tej at Home

Brewing tej at home is a relatively simple process, but it does require some patience and attention to detail. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

Sterilize your equipment

Before you begin, make sure all your equipment is clean and sterilized. This includes your fermentation vessel, airlock, and any utensils you will be using.

Mix honey and water

In a large pot, combine the honey and water in a ratio of 1:3. For example, if you have 1 cup of honey, you will need 3 cups of water. Stir the mixture until the honey is fully dissolved.

Boil the mixture

Bring the honey-water mixture to a gentle boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for about 15 minutes. This helps to remove any impurities and sterilize the mixture.

Cool the mixture

Once the mixture has simmered, remove it from the heat and let it cool to room temperature. This may take a few hours, so be patient.

Add gesho leaves

Once the mixture has cooled, add a handful of gesho leaves to the fermentation vessel. Gently crush the leaves to release their flavors and enzymes.

Transfer the mixture

Carefully pour the cooled honey-water mixture into the fermentation vessel, making sure not to disturb the gesho leaves too much.

Seal and ferment

Seal the fermentation vessel with an airlock or a tight-fitting lid. Place it in a cool, dark place and let it ferment for at least 2 weeks. During this time, the yeast in the gesho leaves will convert the sugars in the honey into alcohol.


Once you’re happy with the taste, transfer the Tej to bottles, leaving any sediment behind. Cap the bottles and let them age in a cool, dark place.

Tips and Tricks for Perfecting Your Tej Recipe

Two glass decanters filled with golden yellow Tej, Ethiopian honey wine, sitting on a wooden table. The decanters are round-bottomed with a narrow neck, emphasizing the rich, vibrant color of the Tej. This image complements the section 'Tips and Tricks for Perfecting Your Tej Recipe' in a blog focused on crafting traditional Ethiopian honey wine.

While brewing tej at home is relatively straightforward, there are a few tips and tricks that can help you perfect your recipe:

Use high-quality honey

The quality of your honey will greatly impact the taste of your tej. Opt for raw, unfiltered honey for the best results. If possible, try to source honey from local beekeepers or specialty stores.

Experiment with different ratios

The ratio of honey to water can be adjusted to suit your personal taste preferences. If you prefer a sweeter tej, you can increase the amount of honey. Conversely, if you prefer a drier tej, you can decrease the amount of honey.

Monitor fermentation temperature

The temperature at which your tej ferments can affect its flavor and alcohol content. Ideally, the fermentation temperature should be between 60-70°F (15-21°C). Avoid extreme temperatures as they can inhibit fermentation or produce off-flavors.

Taste and adjust

Throughout the brewing process, taste your tej periodically to monitor its progress. This will give you an idea of how it is developing and allow you to make any necessary adjustments. If it tastes too sweet, you can let it ferment for longer to allow more sugar to be converted into alcohol.


To craft an authentic Tej, a traditional Ethiopian honey wine, one embarks on a meticulous yet rewarding process. Starting with the essential ingredients, you’ll need high-quality honey, water, and ‘Gesho’ leaves or sticks, which act as both the bittering agent and yeast source. The brewing journey unfolds step-by-step, beginning with the preparation of the honey-water mixture, followed by the addition of Gesho for fermentation initiation. This mixture then undergoes a fermentation process, which can vary in duration depending on desired sweetness and alcohol content. Mastery of Tej brewing is enhanced through tips and tricks such as carefully selecting honey based on its floral source for depth of flavor, maintaining optimal fermentation temperatures, and experimenting with fermentation times to perfect the balance between sweetness and bitterness. Ultimately, the art of brewing Tej is a testament to patience and precision, culminating in the creation of a beverage that is not only a delight to the senses but also a cherished cultural tradition.

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