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Where is Ethiopia Located? Exploring Africa's Hidden Gem

Explore where Ethiopia is located, uncovering its position in the Horn of Africa and its significance on the continent.

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A map of Ethiopia

Nestled in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is a country with a rich and timeless history that dates back thousands of years. From its ancient rock-hewn churches to the iconic obelisks of Aksum, Ethiopia is a land filled with cultural and historical treasures. Its diverse landscapes, from the rugged Simien Mountains to the otherworldly Danakil Depression, offer a captivating allure to adventurous travelers. With its vibrant and colorful festivals, unique cuisine, and warm hospitality, Ethiopia is a country waiting to be discovered. Join us as we embark on a journey to explore the timeless land of Ethiopia. 

Discovering Ethiopia

Where Is Ethiopia Located In Africa

Ethiopia is situated in the northeastern part of Africa, commonly referred to as the Horn of Africa due to its horn-like shape on the map. It occupies a strategic position along the Horn, sharing borders with six countries: Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the northeast and east, Kenya to the south, and South Sudan and Sudan to the west. Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent. The country is characterized by its diverse topography, featuring highlands, deserts, and river valleys, and it is also home to the headwaters of the Blue Nile. Its central location in East Africa and diverse landscapes have significantly influenced its history, culture, and development.

What Is The Country Code For Ethiopia

The country code for Ethiopia is +251. This is the telephonic code to be dialed before the local phone number when calling an Ethiopian number from another country. This international dialing code ensures that calls are correctly routed to Ethiopia in the global telecommunication network. For international calling, the format usually followed is: the international call prefix (varies depending on the country), followed by the country code for Ethiopia (+251), and then the local phone number.

Ariel view of Addis Ababa city

The Capital Of Ethiopia

Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, serves as the political, cultural, and economic heart of the country. Founded by Emperor Menelik II in 1886, it’s often referred to as the “political capital of Africa” due to its historical, diplomatic, and political significance. It hosts the headquarters of the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. Situated at an altitude of about 2,355 meters (7,726 feet), it’s one of the highest capitals in the world, known for its pleasant climate. Addis Ababa is a vibrant city, reflecting a mix of traditional and modern Ethiopia, with its bustling markets, historical sites, and rapidly growing infrastructure.

What language do you speak in Ethiopia

The main language spoken in Ethiopia is Amharic, which is the official language of the country. Amharic is a Semitic language with its own script and is spoken by a large portion of the population, particularly in the central and northern regions of the country. In addition to Amharic, there are many other languages spoken in Ethiopia, such as Oromo, Tigrinya, and Somali, reflecting the diverse ethnic groups found in the country. English is also widely spoken and used for official and educational purposes, making it a secondary language for many Ethiopians. Overall, Ethiopia is a multilingual country with a rich linguistic heritage.


When was Ethiopia founded?

The traditional belief is that Ethiopia was founded in the 9th century BC by Menelik I, the son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. However, historical evidence suggests that the Aksumite Empire, which was based in the northern part of modern-day Ethiopia, was established in the 4th century BC. This empire played a major role in the spread of Christianity in the region and exerted influence over trade routes in the ancient world. The country has a unique cultural heritage and is renowned for its ancient rock-hewn churches, monasteries, and historical sites. 

What is Ethiopia Famous For?

Ethiopia is renowned for its rich and diverse cultural heritage, being one of the oldest countries in the world with a history dating back thousands of years. It’s famous as the birthplace of coffee, its unique and ancient Ge’ez script, the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, and as one of the few African countries that was never fully colonized. Ethiopia is also known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from the Simien Mountains to the Danakil Depression, and for its significant role in early human history, as evidenced by the discovery of the fossilized remains of early hominids like Lucy.


Ethiopia stands as a beacon of uniqueness in both its geography and culture. Nestled in the Horn of Africa, it commands a landscape that is as varied as it is breathtaking, from the simmering Danakil Depression to the misty peaks of the Simien Mountains. It is a country where the Blue Nile begins its long journey to the Mediterranean and where ancient human footsteps echo in the Rift Valley. Culturally, Ethiopia is a mosaic of over 80 ethnic groups, each with its own language and customs, contributing to a vibrant tapestry that has been woven over millennia.

From the legendary Queen of Sheba to the historic victory at the Battle of Adwa, Ethiopia’s narrative is one of pride and perseverance. As the only African nation that never fell under colonial rule, it represents a symbol of independence and resilience on the continent. Its cultural treasures, like the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and the ruins of Aksum, are but whispers of its storied past, inviting the curious to delve deeper into its rich heritage.


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Most frequent questions and answers

Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.

The official name of Ethiopia is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

Ethiopia is a landlocked country in Eastern Africa, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural landscapes. It is one of the oldest independent nations in the world.

Some prominent regions of Ethiopia include Tigray, Amhara, and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region.

Ethiopia has a rich historical legacy and was ruled by a monarchy for centuries. It is the only African country that was never colonized, and it was the seat of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, one of the oldest Christian churches in the world.

Yes, Ethiopia is home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites, such as the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and the Simien Mountains National Park, known for its unique biodiversity and stunning scenery.

The Ethiopian script, although sharing some historical connections, is distinct from the Hebrew and Arabic script, and has its own unique set of characters and orthography.

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